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KCI등재 학술저널

일본의 전후기억과 송환의 망각

- 고바야시 마사루 「어느 조선인 이야기」시론 -

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小林勝の最初の小&#35500;&#65378;ある朝鮮人の話&#65379;(1952.9)は、これまで日本の&#25126;後 文&#23398;史の中でほとんど言及されたことのない作品である。ところが、韓&#22269; &#25126;&#20105;期に日本から韓&#22269;に&#24375;制送還される朝鮮人が登場するこの小&#35500;は、あるときから定型化された日本の&#25126;後記憶のあり方を再点&#26908;しようとすると き、具&#20307;的でかつ重要な手がかりを提供する。たとえば、&#65378;ある朝鮮人の 話&#65379;は、1952年を&#65378;占領&#20307;制の終焉&#65379;といった形だけで記憶している&#27096;相、 引揚げの裏に&#38560;されている朝鮮人&#24375;制送還の&#23455;像、&#24375;制送還の象&#24500;的な場 所であった大村&#21454;容所の存在といったところから、日本の&#25126;後記憶の再点 &#26908;を要求している。さらに、その小&#35500;は&#24375;制送還措置をめぐる韓&#22269;政府と 米&#22269;政府の&#38306;&#19982;などをも後世に&#20253;えており、このような点では東アジアの &#25126;後を<引揚げ>だけではなく<送還>の&#35251;点も加えて再点&#26908;する必要性を訴 える作品でもある。本論文では、小林勝の小&#35500;&#65378;ある朝鮮人の話&#65379;が日本の &#25126;後記憶の在り方を問いただす側面を作家の&#32076;&#27508;や作品分析のほかに&#27096;&#12293;な資料に基づいて&#26908;&#35388;した。

Mr. Masaru Kobayashi’s first novel “A story of a certain Korean” (1952. 9) is a work which has almost never been mentioned in the Japanese postwar literary history as much as the writer has. This novel in which the Korean who was repatriated appears provides a concrete but important clue when we attempt to reexamine the postwar memorization style of Japan stylized from a certain time For example, the story of a Korean person “remembers ‘1952’ only in the form of ‘the end of the occupation regime’, the real image of the Korean person’s forcible repatriation hidden behind the withdrawal. In addition, the novel requests the re-inspection of postwar memory from the existence of the Omura camp, etc. Furthermore, the novel tells the involvement of the Korean government and the US government in the compulsory repatriation to the posterity; we thus need to revisit issues in postwar East Asia by considering not only the aspect of “frepatriation” but also the aspect of “deportation.” Mr. Masaru Kobayashi’s “The story of a certain Korean” renews Japan’s postwar memory, which we examine based on the analysis of the writer’s career and work as well as various materials in the present paper.

1. 시작하며

2. ‘1952년’과 일본의 전후기억

3. 한국전쟁기 강제송환과 일본의 전후기억

4. 오무라 수용소와 일본의 전후 기억

5. 은폐된 송환과 죽음들

6. 마치며

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