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KCI등재 학술저널

다자이 오사무(太宰治) 문학에 나타난 전후 일본의 사회상

- 전후 미디어에 의해 형성된 ‘다자이 신화’와 관련하여 -

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本稿では、太宰治文&#23398;に表れた&#25126;後日本の社&#20250;像を確認した。まず、1948年&#24403;時、不況に&#38501;っていた出版界は、太宰の情死というスキャンダルを積極的に報道する新聞や&#38609;誌などのメディアの&#25126;略、また知的好奇心に 飢えていた&#35501;者の存在により、太宰の多くの作品を販&#22770;することができ、 それが&#65378;太宰神話&#65379;への&#30330;端となった。第二に、1948年1月に&#30330;表された&#65378;饗 &#24540;夫人&#65379;には、本&#37111;の&#21307;大の&#25945;授でありながら、&#25126;場から&#24112;還し、&#25126;後の 困難な&#29366;況を余儀なく&#20307;現させられ、利己主義者として&#36605;薄に振る舞う笹島、また夫の生死不明による深い喪失感や悲しみ、そして&#32076;&#28168;的、肉&#20307;的 困難を前にしても、その心情を露にせず耐えつつ、笹島たちの&#22259;&#12293;しい要 求に饗&#24540;し奉仕する&#65378;夫人&#65379;、さらにそういった&#65378;夫人&#65379;の辛さや優しさを理 解し、最終的に救&#28168;する、語り手の<私>が登場する。第三に、こういった&#65378;饗&#24540;夫人&#65379;の三人のあり&#27096;は、&#1097399;人間失格&#1097400;の堀木やヒラメ、葉&#34101;、&#65378;後記&#65379; に登場するマダムの&#38306;係やあり&#27096;と似ている。&#65378;饗&#24540;夫人&#65379;は孤&#29420;を&#20307;現す る現代の&#35501;者にとって、深い共感や慰めを&#19982;えるという意味において、&#25126; 後メデイアによって&#30330;現された&#65378;太宰神話&#65379;の新たな例となるだろう。

In this article, I have confirmed that the postwar Japan society surrounding the DAZAI Osamu literature has complex and diverse realities. 1) In 1948, the publishing world, which had been in recession, for media such as newspapers and magazines actively reporting on DAZAI’s death, and the presence of readers who were starved for intellectual anxiety, was able to sell many of DAZAI’s works as books, and this was the beginning of the DAZAI boom and ‘DAZAI myth’. 2) Three people who lived in the post- war appeared in “Mrs. Feast” released in January 1948. Sasajima is a medical professor in Tokyo who returned from the war. He is a person who embodies the difficult situation after the war, clearly grasping the situation and shaking it as a light selfish person. ‘Mrs. Feast’ does not reveal her feelings, even before her deep sense of loss and sadness, economic, and physical difficulties due to her husband s life-and-death uncertainty, and served. The narrator, <I>, rescues ‘Mrs. Feast’ by understanding her suffering and ultimately assimilating to it. 3) The relationship of the three persons of “Mrs. Feast” resembles the relation of Horiki, Yojo, and Madam of “No Longer Human”. “Mrs. Feast” will be a new example of the “New DAZAI myth” developed by the media after the war in the sense that it gives deep sympathy and comfort to the modern readers embodying loneliness.

1. 들어가며

2. ‘다자이 신화’의 재평가

3. &#65378;향응부인(饗&#24540;夫人)&#65379;론

4. 나가며

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