The current state-centered crime victim protection and support policies have limitations in meeting the diverse needs of the victim. In order to overcome the limitations of the current support system, the role of the local government is particularly important in establishing a resident-based policy. In this regard, it is necessary to seriously consider the transition of the support system to the local government. The Crime Victims Protection Act also reiterates that local government is responsible for supporting crime victims. In order to make the current system decentralized, most of the support services should be boldly transferred to the local governments, and they should take the responsibility for commissioning support services for victims of crime. In addition, local governments need to actively enact self-governing legislative power and work on the enactment of ordinances that contain practical support contents. In response to the needs and demands of the residents, it is possible to contribute to the restoration of the victims’ damage by implementing policies that are appropriate to the local situation. It is also a way to meet the purpose of the local self-governing system that promotes citizens’ autonomy.
Ⅱ. 범죄피해자 보호·지원의 주체로서의 지방자치단체
Ⅲ. 지방치단체의 범죄피해자 관련 조례의 제정 근거 및 한계
Ⅳ. 범죄피해자 보호·지원에 관한 조례의 현황
Ⅴ. 비교법적 검토
Ⅵ. 지방분권형 피해자 보호·지원을 위한 개선방안