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KCI등재 학술저널

Systematic Review of Effects of Physical Activity on Health-related Physical Fitness Among Children and Youth with Disabilities

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본 연구의 목적은 체계적 문헌조사를 통해 신체활동 프로그램이 장애 아동청소년의 건강관련체력에 미치는 효과성에 대해 알아보는데 있다. 논문 검색을 위해 ERIC, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus with Full Text, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text 사용되었으며, 검색된 논문 1195편 중 연구 선별기준에 부합한 13편이 최종 선정되어 분석되었다. 논문분석 결과 가장 많이 나타난 신체활동 형태는 지역시설을 기반으로 한 신체활동 프로그램이었으며, 학교 체육과 가정 중심 신체활동이 다음을 이루었다. 또한 신체활동 프로그램을 통해 가장 뚜렷한 향상을 보인 건강관련 체력 요소는 근력 및 근지구력, 심폐지구력, 유연성으로 나타났다. 반면 신체구성과 체중에 감량에 관련하여 신체활동의 효과성은 제한적이었다.

The purpose of the study was to identify available evidence related to physical activity interventions that were effective to improve health-related physical fitness levels of children and youth with disabilities. Studies were accumulated from multiple databases (i.e., ERIC, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus with Full Text, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text). From the initial process, 1195 articles were identified and of those, 13 studies (n = 13) were analyzed. Based on the results, community-based physical activities were the most common environment of interventions followed by school-based and home-based. Further, the most improved health-related physical fitness outcomes were muscular strength, muscular endurance, and cardiorespiratory endurance while limited evidence on weight reduction was available. There is a need for more research on physical activity intervention which particularly improves health related physical fitness of children and youth with disabilities.

Abstract

Ⅰ. Introduction

Ⅱ. Method

Ⅲ. Result

Ⅳ. Discussion

Ⅴ. Conclusion

REFERENCES

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