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KCI등재 학술저널

메이지ㆍ다이쇼 초기 아베 미쓰이에(阿部充家)의 궤적

― ‘민권’파 교사에서 ‘권력정치가’에 접근한 정치기자로 ―

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In this thesis, in order to understand Abe Mitsuie s behavior pattern in Joseon, his early traces, which have been less focused on in the studies, were examined in the category of his background of growth, teaching period, Kumamoto period, andKokuminsinbun period. Abe was born in Kamiyama family, a fire-maker in Kumamoto, in 1862. In his childhood, he received traditional samurai education in Yokojimasijuku private school founded by Ikebe Kichijuro, a fire-maker in Kumamoto in 1872. After leaving Yokojimasijuku, he went to Tokyo and learned English in Dojinsya. During his days in Dojinsya, he made friends with Utsunomiya heichi, and Tokutomi Soho, who were radical democratic right activists, and became enthusiastic about democratic right movement. It seems like that Abe gradually came to get out of Ikebe s influence and became absorbed in democratic right movement through his study in Dojinsya and friendship with Utsunomiya and Tokutomi. Later, as he started to teach in Utsunomiya s hometown, Kagoshima Miyanojo, he contacted Tokutomi running a Oegijuku, and tried to expand the power of democratic party in Kagoshima and Kumamoto. In 1885, he proceeded to his new post as a housemaster in Oegijuku according to Tokutomi s recommendation and guided students, and moved the ground for the democratic right movement from Kagoshima to his hometown, Kumamoto. His experience of teaching in the school and guiding students may have become the motivation for him to have interest in Korean students in Japan later. When Tokutomi closed down Oegijuku and came up to the capital in order to begin his political life in a full scale in December, 1886, established Minyusya, a media and a publishing company, in February, 1887, and published Kokuminnotomo, Abe participated in it with Tokutomi s recommendation. On the other hand, in Tokyo where ‘standing together movement’ was going in, Abe was engaged in the organization of strong men led by his childhood friend, Inoue Keijiro, and was ordered to leave Tokyo due to his violation of peace regulations. Then, Abe went back to Kumamoto, kept in touch with Tokutomi, and attempted the extension of Tokutomi party s influence in Kumamoto by organizing a young men s association, running Kumamotosinbun, and relation with ‘a gentleman in the country.’ In the autumn of 1891, according to Kumamotosinbun, Abe strived to expand power in the Kumamoto area, and the main figures in Oesya couldn t maintain the newspaper, so went up to the capital one by one and joined the camp of the National Newspaper company. Abe came to go through the second political suppression of the application of Yokairei(豫戒令) by Matsukata cabinet in December, 1892. This oppression by the law enforcement authorities must have become an important reason why Abe to distrust the police in Joseon later. With the Sino-Japanese War as a momentum, Tokutomi changed from democracy and pacifism to expansionism to overseas and imperialism, and during his world trip, he gradually approached domain clique power, and became an advocate for national sovereignty and imperialistic expansionist. Abe also agreed to Tokutomi s ideology and actions, came to change from a radical actionist democrat to a political journalist close to domain clique power.

Ⅰ. 들어가며

Ⅱ. 성장배경

Ⅲ. 교사시절

Ⅳ. 구마모토시절

Ⅴ. 國民新聞시절

Ⅵ. 맺으며

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