This paper intends to examine the meaning and limits of the collaboration of the systematic peace efforts between North Korea and Japan during the Korean War and the concurrent international peace movements. The North Koreans claimed that the Korean War was not an aggressive invasion but instead a ‘homeland emancipation war’ by the decolonized in order to recapture their native territory from American imperialism. The Japan Communist Party accepted the Korean War as a necessary stage in the new Asian world order following Chinese Communization, thus the Party supported North Korea and conducted armed warfare in the hopes of establishing national liberation through the united international struggles of the era. Yet the threat of nuclear warfare was inescapable insofar as North Korea adhered to the ideological pacifism that employed the rhetoric of the ‘homeland emancipation war’ as a means to peace. Meanwhile, Japan’s revolutionary powers abandoned armed conflict in favor of absolute pacifism while forgetting Chosun’s history as non-Japanese radiation testers. Thus the two peace movements lost their link of solidarity and the two different ideas of peace began to run parallel to one another.
Ⅰ. 전쟁과 평화운동이 공존했던 한국전쟁
Ⅱ. 1950년 북한과 일본, 핵무기 금지 서명운동에 동참하다
Ⅲ. 서명운동의 전개 과정: 일본공산당과 한국전쟁
Ⅳ. ‘평화옹호’ 운동은 전쟁의 ‘무기’
Ⅴ. 1952년 아시아태평양지역 평화옹호대회: 세균전(북)과 단독강화(일)
Ⅵ. 세계평화운동의 가능성