상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
145134.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

일본정부와 청일전쟁 개전 과정

- 열강의 간섭과 일본의 교섭 무산 전략 -

  • 125

Japanese government decided to plunge into the Sino-Japanese War at the Cabinet conference held on June 21st and 22nd, 1894. However, Japanese government could not but suspend the policy pushing an early outbreak of the war because the serious intervention of Russia and England was begun. Ito Hirobumi( 伊藤博文 ) and Mutsu Munemitsu( 陸奥宗光 ) made a plan to overcome their interventions. That was the strategy that broke the will of Chinese government to attend the negotiation table with Japan and blocked the intervention of the Western Powers by raising the demand level related with the reform of Korean government. Russia demanded an early withdrawal of Japanese troops, but Japanese government rejected it firmly. Japanese government had an optimistic view that England and Russia would hold each other in check. On the other hand, Japanese government assumed a stance of moderation as if it accepted the intervention of England. Because Japanese government thought that England would not agree to a new Japan-England treaty, if it did not accept that intervention. Japanese government putting emphasis on diplomatic negotiations pushed a passive war. However, Otori Keisuke( 大鳥圭介 ) insisted that an early armed provocation against China was needed to exclude the intervention of the Western Powers. Meanwhile, Otori carried out the strategy of Japanese government by compelling Korean government to accept a proposal about the reform of Korean domestic politics and by drawing up a decisive measure( 乙案 ) to prepare for its rejection. However, the conflicts between Japanese government and Otori were solved after about July 10th. The intervention of Russia was weakened. And there was no room for the intervention of England because of Chinese very firm attitude demanding an early withdrawal of Japanese troops. As a situation was changed, Japanese government hastened the Sino-Japanese War. Japanese government sent a diplomatic note of breaking off its relationship with China and came back to an active war policy. Though the intervention of the Western Powers resumed after that, it could not interrupt the Japanese government s step toward the Sino-Japanese War.

Ⅰ. 머리말

Ⅱ. 열강의 간섭과 교섭 무산 전략

1. 교섭 무산 전략의 수립과 러시아

2. 교섭 무산 전략의 전개와 영국

Ⅲ. 교섭 무산 전략과 오토리 공사

1. 오토리의 강경책과 일본정부

2. 오토리의 강경책과 조선정부

Ⅳ. 교섭 무산 전략과 개전 정책

1. 능동적 개전책의 재설정

2. 열강의 재간섭과 개전 외교

Ⅴ. 맺음말

로딩중