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학술저널

新고전학에 대한 批判

Neo-classics: critical re-considerations

The purpose of this study is to foster understanding of the Austrian thinking in economic theory. In classical tradition epitomized by Adam Smith, the economic growth was the central subject of study. However, the later classical school, notably David Ricardo, lost the interest in the question of this subject and made the theory of value the central attention. Following the tradition of Ricardo, the neo-classical school refined this theory excessively and developed as the mainstream economic theory. The Austrian, however, sharing the view of classical tradition of Smith remained outside of mainstream neo-classic. Attempts are made to show the methodological lacuna, the mainstream neo-classical theory left unexplained. There is no doubt that important aspect of economic problems can be helpfully illuminated by neo-classical theory. But this theory assumes rational behaviour of individuals in the market. The concepts are rather formal, so that meanings of concepts are abstract from the essence of economic phenomena. The method is derived from classical mechanics: the individual chooses to act rationally, it does this with the aid of complete certainty or perfect information, analysing the problems fundamentally within the framework of comparative statics. In an uncertain real world people do not choose, rather they ‘act’ - an entrepreneurial element in human action which is the one of driving forces producing continuing changes. Insofar as growth consists qualitative changes in the environment, entrepreneurial action create new situation. Its surrounding environment may therefore be seen as an evolutionary process. To analyse this characteristic feature of process of economic growth neo-classical tools of comparative statics are not appropriate. This study has shown that all the problems of market phenomena and its concern with institutional changes can better be approached with dynamic analysis outside of the mainstream: the role of entrepreneurship playing in search of market equilibrium and the efficient meaning of disaggregated variables in analysing their causal relationships.

Ⅰ. 서론

Ⅱ. 역사적 배경

Ⅲ. 시장과 균형

Ⅳ. 평균개념과 집계분석

Ⅴ. 결론

참고문헌

Abstract

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