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KCI등재 학술저널

한국과 일본의 사회복지제도화 과정분석

Process Analysis on Institutionalization of Social Welfare in Korea and Japan: Focused on Community Welfare Plan

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There are big issues in Korea and Japan about low fertility and olders. Korea and Japan are getting low birth rate and worse situation in society since 1990s. Although Japan faced with low fertility and aged society, they have good alternatives for the problems. We generally say these issues as new social risks, for examples long-term care, housing, child care and women s work and leave. Especially local governments both countries has problems in the aged society. For research I am focusing on how local governments resolve the problems both Korea and Japan. And I am interested in institutionalism as academic approaches, so I will apply methodology of this article for analysing between Korea and Japan in community welfare policy, especially community welfare plan. After 2000 year, Both Korea and Japan prepared for planning for community welfare by 2006 in Japan, 2007 in Korea. I participated building the plan for local government community welfare in Jecheon, small city. Also I have studied local government welfare policy for 20 years of Japan. So I try to compare with local government welfare plan between Korea and Japan by using methodology of institutionalism. This institutionalism generally uses in social sciences and governance researches. Institutionalism focuses on institutions and uses historical approaches, inductive perspective and comparative researches. And institutionalism explains how policy in government have used for social problems for goals, values, and network as governance. So I analyze goals of welfare policy, values, and path dependency in local government both Korea and Japan. In this study I am focusing processes in institutionalization for community welfare plan. Especially I handled local government community plan from 1st plan to 3rd plan recently both states according to process of institutionalization, from goal in policy, norm exposure, acceptance of norm, embedded norm, norm rationalization, crisis of institutions, reform, and new institution . Finally I found some points from analyzing these processes. First Korea still remain in path dependency, but Japan broke out pah dependency. And Japan built well-organized system for local government welfare policy, care systems in community included neighbourhood related each other. I suggest this systems for alternatives in our low fertility and aged society.

I. 서

II. 이론적 배경

III. 우리나라와 일본의 지역사회복지계획의 제도화 과정분석

Ⅳ. 우리나라와 일본의 지역사회복지계획의 제도화 과정분석

V. 지방분권개혁과 앞으로의 사회복지

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