Cyber terrorism has emerged internationally since the mid-1990s when networking began to take place. However, in most cases, the damage was localized by hacking the network of related organiza-tions and hacking for economic gain in order to inform individual or organization claims. However, as we look at the year 2015, the s pread of computer networks and the dependence of the infrastructure on this network are not comparable to those of the 1990s. The fact that major broadcasting companies and financial institutions are temporarily paralyzed by the cyber terrorism incident on March 20, 2013 and June 25, 2013, revealing the vulnerability of the social infrastructure, reveals the danger of cyber terrorism It is imperative to prepare countermeasures. In particular, major social infrastructures and services of the modern countries including Korea are gradually being connected and controlled by ICT technology. In case of facility and service failure caused by unauthorized access to such facilities, the impact on the normal operation of other core facilities may become very large. In particular, there is a serious problem in that the infringement of the network connecting the national infrastructure such as communication, finance, water supply, power, etc. and controlling each information system may cause obstacles in the whole country rather than simple cyber infringement. In this way, cyber terrorism cases against the state infrastructure have been actualized. In addition to the cases described above, there are many cases of cyber terrorism in Korea. In recent years, cyber terrorism targeting Korea has tended to occur in order to impose damage to national infrastructure such as GPS, telecommunications, broadcasting, and financial facilities. This is because the risk of individual criminal activity to threats to national security. In the ICT era, cyber terrorism is a new threat to national security and it is a new type of risk source that is discussed in modern risk society. Therefore, there is a need to cope with criminal policy and legislation.
2. Diagnosis of the Security Situation in Korea
3. Conclusion - Cyber Terrorism as an Element of National Security