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KCI등재 학술저널

法教义学视角下的公司纠纷 -公司类司法解释与指导案例的角度

Corporate disputes from the perspective of dogmatics of law -The perspective of judicial interpretation and guiding cases of corporation

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法教义学不是教条主义的逻辑推演,而是获得更妥当裁判结果的正确路径。法律裁判的过程 应是在法律体系下,从裁判者先理解形成的设证出发,通过事实与规范的互动,将法律规范具 体化,个案事实规范化,其间糅杂了法律解释与法律续造,并以法律原则和法益权衡为准绳不 断修正阶段性结论,最终通过三段论演绎得出裁判结果。该过程中涉及不同法学方法的运用, 本文结合公司对外担保、法院强制分配公司盈余、公司决议撤销的裁量驳回、会计账簿查阅范 围、公司法解释三第13条的适用范围,以及指导案例第15号、公司法第67条的理解与适用等司 法实务问题,区分法律解释与法律续造,从开放性法律规范中的规范概念,自由裁量条款以及 一般条款的解释,法律漏洞填补中的目的性限缩、类推适用、反向论证、法益权衡等视角切 入,就相关法学方法对裁判结果证成的影响,进行较为详细的论述,并对具体问题提出明确的 倾向性意见。

Dogmatics of law is not a logical deduction of dogmatism, but a correct way to get a more appropriate result. The process of legal adjudication should be based on the legal system, and starting from the supposition that the judge first understands and forms. And then the legal norms should be specified and cases should be standardized through the interaction between facts and legal norms. In this process, legal interpretation and legal continuation should be mixed and uses the legal principle and the legal interest weight as the criterion to revise the staged conclusion. Finally, deducing the result of judgment by syllogism. This process involves different legal approaches, this thesis combined with the company s external guarantee, the compulsory distribution of the company s surplus by the court, the discretionary rejection of the company s resolution, the scope of accounting books, and the scope of application of Article 13 of the interpretation of the company law, as well as the guiding case No. 15, the interpretation and application of Article 67 of the company law to distinguish legal interpretation and legal renewal. And discuss detailedly the influence of legal method to the judge and provide specific advice on specific issues from the perspective of open legal norms, the interpretations of discretionary and general terms, analogy applies, reverse reasoning, the balance of legal interest.

一、引言

二、法教义学中的四组概念

三、裁判过程中法教义学展开

四、“实用教义学-请求权基础”在公司法中的实 践运用

五、开放性法律规范之法律解释

六、目的性限缩与法益衡量

七、类推适用

八、反向论证(反向推理)

九、指导案例的运用

十、结语

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