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학술저널

Walras와 Keynes의 一般均衡理論

The Reinterpretation of Walras and Keynes on the Light of Expectation Theory

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The character of miro-economics has been changed over the past decade, by eroding dominance of Keyensian and by reviving neo-walrasian orientation. It has been particularly with the rise of rational expectation theory. This study atmpts to reinterpretate the Walras and Keynes on the light of expectation theory in order to evaluate the price adjustmechanism in the Walras and the quantityadjustment in Keynes. The expectations are treated by Keynes a exogeneous variable, so that they are assumed generally inelastic or, in other world, inconsistent between different economic agents. Thus is the main consideration which dominates Keynes and forms the basis of interventionist countercyclical policy. The rational expectation theorists, on the other hand, incorporate the expectations into the model as endogeneous variable. As they believe that they are able to acquire information in as intelligent and rational a manner in order to estimate the values to be taken unter consideration, they claim on the fixed-rule policy in monetary management, in conform withwalrasian self-correction mechanism. However, the difference between two approaches can get narrower if the possibilities of price inflexibity are combined with that of misperception in the expectation forming process.

Ⅰ. 序論

Ⅱ. Walras 모델

Ⅲ. 新 Keynesian의 見解

Ⅳ. Keynes와 期待變數

Ⅴ. 合理的 期待理論과 Neo-Walrasian

Ⅵ. 要約 및 結論

參考文獻

SUMMARY

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