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학술대회자료

Childcare, Private Education, and Married Women’s Employment in South Korea

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This paper analyzes the impact of childcare and education of children on married women’s work decisions in South Korea. Specifically, we focus on the role in maternal employment of governmental childcare subsidy for preschool children and the private tutoring cost for mostly school-aged children. In terms of methodology, we use the panel probit analysis and IV panel analysis for mother’s decision of labor market participation and working hours, respectively, using the longitudinal KLIPS data. Empirical results indicate that free childcare for preschool children raises married women’s labor market participation, but not working hours. Furthermore, high private tutoring cost lowers market participation of mothers with preschool children or elementary school students, but raises the likelihood of market work for the mothers with middle or high school students. In response to the high private tutoring cost, only the mothers with children who are low-graders in elementary school reduce their working hours to secure their own nurturing time. This difference in mothers’ response to private tutoring cost according to their children’s age may reflect the varying comparative advantage of their own time over the institutional services in nurturing children. The estimated quality of childcare by mothers reaches the highest when their children are toddlers.

Ⅰ. Introduction

Ⅱ. Literature Review

Ⅲ. Model and Methodology

Ⅳ. Empirical Results

Ⅴ. Concluding Remarks

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