Temporary Haptic Externalization and Four-point Fixation of Intraocular Lens in Scleral Fixation to Enhance Stability
Purpose: To report the results of a new technique for intraocular lens scleral fixation of temporary haptic externalization and four-point fixation for enhanced stability. Methods: Two 10-0 polypropylene strands were fixed at two points 2 mm apart on each haptic of a conventional three-piece intraocular lens, using our previously reported method of temporary haptic externalization after injector implantation. Postoperative refractive outcome and stability were evaluated. Results: Although the intraocular lens was fixed at a total of four points, no intraoperative difficulties were observed during the process. Patients showed successful fixation of the intraocular lens postoperatively. The fixed intraocular lens showed good centering and minimal tilting. When compared to the two-point fixation technique, postoperative astigmatism was significantly smaller in the four-point fixation group (1.80 ± 0.84 vs. 1.00 ± 0.0.50, p = 0.033). Lens-induced astigmatism calculated from subtraction of corneal astigmatism from total astigmatism was also significantly smaller in the four-point fixation group (2.23 ± 0.98 vs.1.17 ± 0.0.70, p = 0.043). No postoperative complications were identified during a mean follow-up period of 14.8 months (range, 10 to 19 months). Conclusions: By fixing the intraocular lens at two points on each side of the haptics, this method minimizes the tilting of the intraocular lens and thus decreases postoperative lens-induced astigmatism. Also, the possibility of intraocular lens dislocation in the long term might be decreased by this two-point fixation technique.
Materials and Methods