We compared the success rate of filtering surgery of a single 5-minute intraoperative application of mitomycin-C (MMC) or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Animal experiment and clinical study were done. In animal study, thirty pigmented rabbits (60 eyes) weighing 2.0 to 2.5 Kg were enrolled. We divided into 4 groups, such as BSS, 5-FU 50 mg/ml, MMC 0.2 mg/ml and MMC 0.4 mg/ml subconjunctival soaked group. Each group consisted of 15 eyes. In each group, 10 eyes was for examination of bleb survival and complications, 3 eyes for light microscopic examination and 2 eyes for electron microscopic examination. Bleb was survived 6.ldays (3 to 13 days) for BSS treated group, 16.3 days (9 to 23 days) for 5-FU 50mg/ml treated group, 32.7 days (17 to 55 days) in MMC 0.2 mg/ml treated group, and 64.4 days (49 to 84 days) in MMC 0.4 mg/ml treated group.
MATERIALS AND METHODS