We studied the visual acuity and anatomical stability of 101 eyes which had undergone vitreous surgery for advanced retinopathy of prematurity. All were followed up for at least six months. The anatomical and visual results of vitrectomy in 87 eyes were reviewed. The patients’ average age at surgery was 9.6 months, and the average follow-up period was 37.6 months. To preserve the structure of the eyeball or to prevent further complications due to a shallow anterior chamber, a further 14 eyes underwent lensectomy. Total attachment was achieved in 20 eyes(23.0%), and partial attachment in 24(27.6%). Finally, 42 eyes(48.3%) were able to perceive light, while fixation and following occurred in 15(17.2%). Six eyes(6.9%) were able to identify form. The relatively useful vision achieved in cases of advanced retinopathy of prematurity in this study with long follow-up suggests that the rationale of vitreous surgery is to salvage functional retina and to prevent total blindness and other complications.
PATIENTS AND METHODS