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KCI등재 학술저널

이중성과 전환기적 특성(kettőség és átmenetiség)

: 오스트리아-헝가리 이중제국시대 헝가리 사회ㆍ문화의 특성

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Hungarian culture had been strongly influenced by Austrian culture and started to show the unified and compromised characteristics between Hungary and Austria in the era of Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy. Even though Hungarian culture in Dual Monarchy could be regarded as European in the traditional macro perspective, the fin-de-siecle Hungarian mood that was duplicate and transient in tension and stillness, romanticism and passion, nationalism and cosmopolitanism, etc, had been very unique by itself. After 1867 Compromise, europeanism in Hungarian culture as well as Hungarian original culture had been focused with the establishment of Dual Monarchy. Along with its geological importance, centered in the European continent, Budapest had displayed the refined, urban, pan-european patterns in all respects. In this course, not only the duplicity that emerged from the denial and quest of the past but also transiency that appeared as a form of mixed culture could be found. The inconsistent fusion phenomena had even coined the word “contradictory harmony”. Hungarian traditional style had been reflected through the western windows of Austria, and could be found in the numerous literary works, architectural buildings, the ways of living, etc. This reflection had to do with the ‘Duplicity’ and the ‘Transiency’, and this tendency had captured the Hungarian intellectuals consciously or unconsciously. Hungarian culture during the era of Dual Monarchy could be characterized by the concepts of the ‘Duplicity’ and the ‘Transiency’.

Ⅰ. 들어가는 말

Ⅱ. 이중제국시대 헝가리의 사회적 제도화와 갈등구조

Ⅲ. ‘이중성’과 ‘전환기적 특성’: 문학적 경향과 지식인 사회의 특성

Ⅳ. 이중제국 시대 헝가리의 음악과 시각예술: 새로운 실험과 창조성

Ⅴ. 나오는 말

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