This article is a historical record of a Polish political prisoner, Mikhail Ivanovich Yankovsky (1842-1912), who left a large footprint in the Siberian development during the second half of 19th century Russia. As a university student, Yankovsky participated in January Uprising of 1863 against the authoritarian regime of Russia. The uprising was unsuccessful and resulted in loss of his noble status and wealth as well as forced labor for 8 years in Siberia. Yankovsky became a mine expert during his time in Siberia and later became a pioneer of the Siberian development after he was freed. The Russian government began to accelerate its development in the Siberian region since the late 19th century. Due to lack of trained professionals in Siberia, the government had to employ the political prisoners who had extensive science knowledge, such as Yankovsky, in East Siberian Branch of the Russian Geographical Society to expedite its expedition and research of the region. Years of experience as a miner helped him settle as a manager of a gold mine in Askold Island, which is located 50 kilometers away from Vladivostok. In 1877, Yankovsky discovered Sidemy Penninsula, located 20 miles south of Vladivostok. Sidemy was a region yet to be introduced to the west, occupied by the aborigines, Chinese, and Koreans. Yankovsky was able to obtain a long-term lease contract through Gustav F. Erdman (1818-1883), a regional military governor. Yankovsky was able to start a horse farm while fighting off the wild animals and Chinese horse thieves. This also resulted in protection of the Korean immigrants in the region and the Yankovsky family received great respect and trust from the community. The successful management of the horse farm resulted in significant accumulation of wealth as well as contribution to the regional development. Upon Mikhail Yankovsky’s death in 1912, the horse farm was taken over by the eldest son Yury Yankovsky and continued to florush.
Ⅱ. 러시아로의 이주 배경 : 폴란드 1월 봉기
Ⅲ. 연해주 정착과 개척