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KCI등재 학술저널

나폴레옹 전투력의 근원은 어디에 있었을까?

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Napoleon grew up around war. He established his own empire after he occupied imperial post in 1804 based on war victories. He fought in 15 wars over a period of ten years against England, Austria, Spain, and Russia, which outnumbered even Alexander and Caesar. Once, Napoleon s army had to fight the Alliance Amy for France s fate. In 1805 Napoleon expanded the military from 300,000 troops to 1,000,000. Through wars, he built his own empire from 44,000,000 soldiers to 30,000,000 soldiers. His empire controlled 82,000,000 soldiers which was twice as big as France and Napoleon became a historic figure such as Alexander and Caesar by conquering the whole European area except England and furthermore by attacking Russia. In order to fight England, he built up combat power by establishing the Grande Armee, which was operated as the special combat army, and the New Guard. In terms of military strategy, he never used the same strategy twice, which made the opponents unable to figure out his strategy and eventually led to victory. Napoleon was good at information warfare and conducted efficient combat by doubling his combat power through the use of guerrilla units. Napoleon formed a close relationship and a sense of unity with his soldiers. He had humble meals like the ranks and wore the uniform of a regimental commander of the Guard. During combat, he called individual soldiers by name and ordered, “Charge” or “Fire” to boost soldiers morale. Napoleon did not accomplish his dream, which was to conquer England. And his last battle at Waterloo in 1815 did not simply mean Wellington s victory, but it meant England’s domination of France by leading the Industrial Revolution and becoming the world’s most powerful economic country.

Ⅰ. 머리말

Ⅱ. 병력동원과 군의 조직

Ⅲ. 전략과 전술, 그리고 정보처리

Ⅳ. 사기진작과 단결

Ⅴ. 맺음말

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