This thesis is to examine Louis ⅩⅣ s policy of nobility by analyzing his administrative and financial support the Saint-Cyr and the students family. The mission of the Saint-Cyr established at the latter half of Louis ⅩⅣ s reign was to educate the poor noble girls to be wives as well as mothers of the provincial nobilities, that is to make loyal women. This corresponded well with Louis ⅩⅣ s policy of nobility. Louis ⅩⅣ s cultural policy was to hold social and cultural hegemony by producing subjects to the reign of the absolute authority. Louis ⅩⅣ needed to protect and make the traditional nobility secure because the nobility was essential to keep his reign. Louis ⅩⅣ tried to make efforts to integrate and control over the nobilities through a kind of compromise to revive the value of the traditional nobility and to strengthen the nobility. While Ordre militaire de Saint-Louis and Hootel des Invalides were a part of the nobility policy focusing on the noble men, the Saint-Cyr was the policy to produce the noble women being obedient through education and to bring up subjects from home, the root of society by the women. Therefore, the Saint-Cyr might be acknowledged to Louis ⅩⅣ as a kind of the national education institution to produce subjects necessary to keep its reign. Louis ⅩⅣ s these efforts can be easily found in his unstinted administrative and financial support to the Saint-Cyr from the stage of establishment. The fact itself that the only students in at least the fourth (4th) generation of the noble family in the side of father approve that the Saint-Cyr was for the traditional nobility from the beginning.
Ⅱ. 맹트농 부인과 루이 14세
Ⅲ. 루이 14세의 귀족정책과 생시르 기숙학교에 대한 행정적, 경제적 지원
Ⅳ. 생시르 기숙학교 학생들의 가문 분석