The article aims to accomplish a dual goal: to understand the origins, characteristics, and transformations of Saint-Simonian aesthetic theory from 1802 to 1830 and to examine its relationships with other contemporary aesthetic movements. For this purpose in mind the author, on the one hand, analyses and compares the writings of Saint-Simon, Olinde Rodrigues, and Emile Barrault, who altogether contributed to establishing Saint-Simonian concept of the social art(l art social) . The author notices in their writings that the role and status of art(ist) changed from vulgarisateur to avant-garde and from avant-garde to revelateur/d apostolat artisque. The author, on the other hand, interprets that the Saint-Simonian theory of social art was an attempt to emphasize the social and moral responsibility of art(ist), which(who) was serious contaminated by ill-effects of both the Romanticism and l Art pour l Art movement. In this respect the Saint-Simonian concept of social art, the article concludes, not only helped the emergence of a new literary genre such as literature of/by proletariat but also anticipated the maturity of engagement tradition of French intellectuals.
Ⅱ. 사회미학의 기원과 태동, 1802-1825년
Ⅲ. 에밀 바로 : 시대적 예언자로서의 예술가, 1830년대