Purpose: To investigate the clinical characteristics of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) associated with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 246 PCV patients (283 eyes) between July 2004 and August 2009 and investigated the clinical characteristics of the PCV patients who had specific fundus findings of chronic CSC. Results: Among PCV patients, 13 eyes (4.6%) of 13 PCV patients (5.3%) had fundus findings of chronic CSC. All of the PCV lesions had a solitary polyp located outside the atrophic retina, predominantly in the macular area (84.6%), most showed an exudative pattern (69.2%) and there were a few that showed a hemorrhagic pattern (30.8%). All of the lesions were smaller than 1 disc diameter. Most of the PCV lesions (76.9%) were cured with less than two treatments in a short period of 6.4 ± 1.9 months; however, visual acuity deteriorated (61.5%) or was not changed (30.8%) in most of the cases. Conclusions: The PCV associated with chronic CSC had several clinical features such as a small exudative retinal lesion with a solitary polyp and frequent involvement of the macular area. Even though there was poor visual outcome due to the atrophic change, all of the PCV lesions were easily resolved in a short period with a simple treatment course and no recurrence.
Materials and Methods
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