Protective Effect of Catechin on Apoptosis of the Lens Epithelium in Rats with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-induced Cataracts
Purpose: To investigate the effect of catechin on apoptotic cell death in the lens epithelium of rats with cataract. Methods: Cataract was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) to ten day-old Sprague-Dawley rats. The neonatal rats were randomly divided into five groups (n=15 in each group): a control group, and four cataract-induction groups, treated with either 0, 50, 100, 200 mg/kg catechin. We performed slit-lamp biomicroscopic analysis, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, Western-blot for Bcl-2 and Bax, and immunohistochemistry for caspase-3. Results: Apoptotic cell death in lens epithelial cells that increased following cataract formation in rats was suppressed by cathechin. Conclusions: Catechin inhibited cataract-induced apoptotic cell death in the lens epithelium and may prove useful for the prevention of cataract progression.
Materials and Methods
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