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KCI등재 학술저널

증숙 건조 방식에 의해 제조한 우엉차의 기능성 및 성분

Functionality and Components of Burdock Tea Prepared by Steaming and Drying Method

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우엉을 9번 찌고 9번 말려서 차를 제조한 다음 M사의 우엉차와 성분 및 기능성을 비교 분석하였다. 개발한 우엉차는 칼로리 346.48kcal, 탄수화물 72.75g/100g, 단백질 11.98g/100g, 회분 5.01g/100g이었다. 무기물 함량은 칼륨 1,476.21 mg/100g, 칼슘 255.96 mg/100g, 마그네슘 311.41mg/100g 이었다. 유리당 총량은 31.93 mg/100g이었고 그중 fructose 26.27mg/100g , glucose 4.39 mg/100g, sucrose 1.27 mg/100g이었다. 포화지방산은 40.73 mg/100g, 불포화지방산은 59.28 ㎎ /100g이고 그 중 linoleic acid 41.28 mg/100g, palmitic acid 33.11 mg/100g, oleic acid 10.07 mg/100g , linolenic acid 7.92 ㎎/100g이었다. DPPH 라디컬 소거력은 개발한 차 33.9%, 비교용 M사차 2.3%, 지표물질 37.2%였다. ABTS 라디컬 소거력은 개발한 차 90.7%, M사차 85.9%, 지표물질 47.6%였다. SOD 유사활성은 개발한 차 11.3%, 비교용차 50.5%였다. 플라보노이드 함량은 개발한 차 2.6 fold, M사차 2.9 fold, 지표물질 1.7 fold였다. 폴리페놀 함량은 개발한 차 33.8 fold, M사차 38.9 fold, 지표물질 13.4 fold였다. 기호도는 1회 우린 것과 5회 우린 것을 비교하였다. 1회 우린 것을 기준으로 할 때 5회 우린 것의 기호도 중 색은 개발한 차 65.9%, M사차 12.8%, 향기는 개발한 차 78.0%, M사차 33.3%, 맛은 개발한 차 71.4%, M사차 20.7%, 나타났다. 이같이 비교용 M사차는 우릴수록 추출 성분이 감소하여 5회 후에 종합적인 기호도는 21.4%로 감소한 반면 개발한 차는 감소폭이 적어서 72.1%를 나타냈다. 이같이 개발한 우엉차는 비교용 M사차 및 지표물질보다 항산화 작용이 강하고 유 효 물질 함량도 더 많고, 기호성도 높으므로 질병 예방 및 개선 효과가 클 것으로 생각한다.

After making tea by steaming the Burdock(Arctium lappa) nine times and drying it nine times, the ingredients and functions of the Burdock tea were compared to those of M company. The tea s calories were 346.48kcal/100g, carbohydrates were 72.75g/100g, crude protein was 11.98g/100g, and crude ash was 5.01g/100g. The total of free sugars were 31.93mg/100, among them, fructose was 26.27, sucrose was 1.27 mg/100g. The inorganic material contents were 1,476.21mg/100g of potassium, 255.96 mg/100g of calcium and 311.41 mg/100g of magnesium. The saturated fatty acids were 40.73mg/100g and the unsaturated fatty acids were 59.27mg/100g, among which the linoleic acid was 41.28mg/100g, the palmitic acid was 33.11mg/100g, the oleic acid was 10.07mg/100g and linolenic acid was 7.92mg/100g. DPPH radical scavenging was 33.9% of teas that were developed, 2.3% of M s tea for comparison, and 37.2% of indiex material. ABTS radical scavenging were 90.7% of teas developed, 85.9% of M s tea and 37.2% of index materials, and SOD like activities were 11.3% of teas developed and 50.5% of M’s teas. The flavonoid content was 2.6 fold of the tea developed, 2.9 fold of M s tea and 1.7 fold of index material. The polyphenol content was 33.8 fold of teas developed, 38.9 fold of the M’s tea and 13.8 fold of the index material. The sensory evaluation compare to the one-time extract and the five-time extract. Based on the one-time extract, the color were 65.9 % of the five-time extract tea were developed, 12.8 % of the M’s tea. Flavour were 78.0% of the tea developed and 33.3% of the M’s tea, tastes were 71.4% of the tea developed, 20.7% of the M s tea. The cart for comparison showed that while the extract decreased as we developed it, the overall symbolism decreased to 21.4% after five time extracts, the developed tea decreased to 72.1%. We believe that the developed tea will have a greater effect on preventing and improving diseases as it has a stronger antioxidant function, more effective substances, and a higher level of symbolism than the comparative M squared tea and surface substance.

1. 서 론

2. 실 험

3. 결과 및 고찰

4. 결 론

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