Purpose: To compare the success rates and stabilities of postoperative alignment between adjustable and the non-adjustable surgeries in the treatment of sensory exotropia. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients with sensory exotropia who had undergone unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection (R&R) between January 1998 and August 2005. Thirty-four patients underwent conventional R&R, and 20 patients underwent R&R with adjustable suture of the lateral rectus. The surgical results between the two groups were analyzed with regard to the preoperative and post-operative deviation angles and the postoperative drift. The postoperative deviation angle was measured on postoperative day 1 as well as at two weeks, three months, six months and the final visit after surgery. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the mean preoperative and postoperative deviation angles between the two groups. In 30 (88%) patients in the non-adjustable group and 15 (75%) patients in the adjustable group, postoperative deviation was less than 15 prism diopters (PD) at the three month follow-up. There was no significant difference in the mean postoperative drift between the two groups. Conclusions: Strabismus surgery with adjustable sutures did not show a significantly better result than surgery without adjustable sutures in the treatment of sensory exotropia. Considering the amount of postoperative exodrift in both groups, we postulate that the immediate ocular alignment after surgery for sensory exotropia should be orthophoric or 5-6 PD of esodeviation. Korean J Ophthalmol 2009;23:277-280 ⓒ 2009 by the Korean Ophthalmological Society.
Materials and Methods