Aerobic exercise was the optimal program for the the increase of human fitness and health, and was performed in the condition of the proper oxygen supply. It could be suggested that aerobic exercise affected to the increase of health-related fitness and performance-related fitness. In this point, this study analyzed the past and present situation of aerobic exercise, and examined the academic factors and research project of aerobic exercise. In addition to, this study suggested the developmental process and perspectvies of scientific aerobic exercise. The scientific process of aerobic exercise was demanded the significance of value, academic meanings, and popularity. Research project must be investigated the topics of scientific development in the aerobic exercise, In the future, new start of aerobic exercise must be suggested for the scientifc development and healthful life of general people.