Purpose: To describe cases of exposed hydroxyapatite (HA) implants wrapped with the synthetic dura substitute Neuro-Patch treated via simple Neuro-Patch removal. Methods: The medical records of seven patients who experienced exposure of their HA implant were reviewed. All patients had been enucleated and implanted with HA wrapped with Neuro-Patch. For treatment, Neuro-Patch was removed to the greatest extent possible. After applying local anesthesia with lidocaine, blunt dissection was performed to separate the conjunctiva and Neuro-Patch via the site of exposure. Pressure was applied to the remaining Neuro-Patch with forceps and removed with scissors. Results: Neuro-Patch was visible at the area of exposure in all patients. No surgery beyond initial Neuro-Patch removal was necessary in six of the seven patients. In five cases, the exposed area began to heal rapidly after Neuro-patch removal without primary closure of the defect. In one case, the Neuro-Patch material and all necrotic tissue was removed aggressively due to inflammation around the orbital implant. Lastly, an infection was noted in one case, prompting complete removal of the Neuro-Patch–wrapped HA implant. Conclusions: Wrapping material may hinder implant vascularization. Exposure of HA in wrapped implants can be successfully treated by a simple removal procedure if detected and managed early.
Materials and Methods
Conflict of Interest