컴퓨터시뮬레이션에 의한 피난행태예측 및 안전성능평가방법에 관한 연구(II)
A Study on the Evaluation Method of the Building Safety Performance and the Prediction of Occupants′ Egress Behavior during Building Fires with Computer Simulation
- 최원령 이경회
- Vol.3 No.2
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 11 - 19 (9 pages)
In this study, the independent variables are the floor plan configulation. The dependent variables are the occupant's egress behavior, especially spatial movement pattern, and life - safety performance of building. Fire events were simulated on single story of office building. Simulation run for allowable secaping thime(180 seconds) arbitrarily selected, and involved 48 occupants. The major findings Pre as follows. 1) Computer simulation model suggested in this study can be used as the Preoccupancy evaluation method of the life-safety performance for architectural design based on prediction of occupants' egress behavior in the levels of validity and sensitivity, 2) Sucess or failure in occupants' escape is determined by decreasing walking speed caused by jamming at exits or over crowded corridor, and increasing route length caused by running about in confusion at each subdivision and corridor. 3) In floor plan configuration which safe areas located at the extreme ends of the corridor, cellular floor planning have to be avoided preventing jamming and running about in confusion at overcrowded corridor.