The overpopulation phenomenon and complicated various daily life in the city can't presuppose a loss of lives and properties by fire as in today. Especially, mutual relation of buildings and road of the urban preventive dimenson share with important roles and function. This thesis analyses next two articles. First, this study examines improvement counterplan by urban preventive demention centering around theory. Second: as a case study through statistics of fire is Seoul Namdaemun market propose improvement plan in urban preventive dimension.