*학술대회자료*

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*MODELLING OF PYROLYSIS PROCESSES OF POLYACRYLONITRILE*

MODELLING OF PYROLYSIS PROCESSES OF POLYACRYLONITRILE

The modelling of carbon substances obtaining, for instance, carbon fibers which have high fire resistance, has been realized on the example of the polyacrylonitrile pyrolysis modelling. The pyrolysis is considered as a double step process when the formation of a liquid phase and the oxidation of substance are excluded. Three main reactions are considered: a) with the evolution of ammonia; b) with the evolution of hydrogen cyanide; c) with the evolution of hydrogen. Reactions b) and c) are sequential, and a) and b) are parallel. The problem is formulated as one-dimensional. The equations of energy, masses or concentrations, porosity and thermal conductivity are proposed. The mathematical model of the carbonization process is designed using tile kinetic characteristics of the above reactions and the thermodynamic parameters of reagents and products in these reactions. The equations received are calculated by Runge-Cutta method and by Adams method of the fourth order accuracy.