Five parts of vehicle upholsteries were sampled to determine its combustion characteristics. Oxygen Indexer, Smoke chamber, Differential Scanning Calorimetry(DSC) are applied as the analysis apparatus. All LOI values of samples appear less than 21. The combustion phenomena of vehicle upholster primarily depends on properties of each layer material. The amount of smoke generated is the experiment reached the maximum value within 30-90sec after ignition. The experimental results of combustion characteristics and DSC of H/Line also indicated that the layer of foam was melt first and it caused the propagation of flame through the sample. The combustion characteristics of multi layer materials primarily depend on thermal characteristic of single layer material.