The hazard assessment in which the potential hazard factors In the buildings are investigated and the scale of the hazard is analyzed should be performed first in order to prevent personal and material damages due to building fire. In this study, the building fire hazard are assessed using 822-item checklist, for the qualitative evaluation of which the main factors are classified into 10 items, yielding 100 scale points with some weighting. It is shown that present model is applicable for the assessment of all general buildings through the examination of the suitability of assessment model by actual assessment of existing building. Also, the checklist is prepared in itemized questionnaire form for easy assessment of building fire hazard. Therefore, the present model will be helpful for those working in fire prevention, who are suffering from the lack of manifest evaluation model for the fire prevention assessment so far in Korea.