This study on the prevention of electric fire. Generally the electric fire is caused by break or disconnection of the power line, short circuit and poor contact, arcing fault ect. In these causes, this paper is studied on the detection of poor contact and arcing fault. The arcing fault is caused by poor contact mainly. The arcing fault can occurs a electric fire by interaction of flammable gas and materials and it can be caused of tracking and carbonization. These phenomenons is also caused of electric fire. Therefore this paper is studied on the detection of arcing fault and poor contact.