Recently, the buildings have gradually become higher, more massive and more complex with high growth of economy and varieties of the patterns of people's living. Therefore we study a performance and Improving Methods of the fire compartment as a measure to minimize the damage of the people and property from the fire. Currently, under the economic crisis situation, we do not consider about prevention of disaster safety enough; safety investment evasion, safety carelessness, and management relaxation etc. Also in the aspect of regulation system, industrial technology and plan engineering, Korean techniques of preventing fire disasters are far behind of other advanced nations. At this point, we are in need of improving about it. When considering like this situation, we need more studies on the practical improvement in order to assure fire prevention for buildings. The fire compartment prevent from magnifying the fire to the wide area by compartment into specific area. From this, it is possible to minimize fire damage and property and secure emergency exit for life safety. This fire compartment has primary function to extinguish fire easily, and the openings and penetrations are important passage which makes the smoke and fire go away from the fire area to the contiguous space. This study suggests improving methods of domestic fire compartment efficiency standard through comparative analysis of overseas advanced provision and domestic provision about base element of the building fire prevention.