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KCI등재 학술저널

海洋国家・日本と半島国家・韓国

-交流と交易の歴史素描-

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海洋国家として成立した日本とアジア大陸の一部である韓(朝鮮)半鳥に成立した韓国の王権がそれぞれ周辺、もっといえばその間に横たわる海洋をどのように活用しながら国家を形成してきたか、またその過程でどのような齟齬を生じて交流し、また葛藤をうんできたのかに係わる「素描」てある。細部は異なるとしても似たような自然条件とごく近い距離を保ちつつ、それぞれの文化を取り入れ、吸収しつつ、時には反目し、支配と葛藤も繰り広げつつ二つの国家は共存したきた。そのような国家は大胆にいえば相似形の国家であり、また似て非なる側面をもった国家であったし、今後もそうでしか共存していく道はない。その足跡をたどるには、本論のような歴史的素描をこえて、本格的な文明史的研究が必要である。そのことは承知の上で、一歴史学徒として、大胆なスケッチを試みたのか本論てある。現在、両国の間には過去の歷史的事実をめぐっていまだ解決の糸口を見いだせていない事柄が少なからず存在している。それらの解決にはおおくの時間と知恵、そして相互の理性的努力か求められる。その時、過去に両者がどの様な判断のもとに解決の糸口を見いだしたのか、それを過去の歴史は教えてくれるだろう。

The aim of this essay is to analyze how Japan and Korea form their state power by using the sea which was located between two countries, and how many conflicts were occurred and how many problems were solved peacefully. Japan and Korea have been delicately different at detail parts, although they were very near and have the similar natural environment by exchanging their culture. They have been co-existed for a long time at the Northeast Asia, at sometimes they created conflicts and repeated the relations of Voina i mir. Generally Japan and Korea have been the similar countries, but the other side they had much different aspects. Hereafter they would be co-exist as near neighbor, therefore it is necessary to review about mutual relations of historical and commerce exhange. We could not look for the key of solving many conflicts between Japan and Korea at sometimes, but we had been made efforts to solve many problems of two countries peacefully such as Chosenchusinshi exchanges and the repatriations of the castaways from the Middle Ages to the pre-modern Ages. This essay is composed of 4 chapters. The first chapter is the sketch of the different natural environments in the marin country of Japan and the peninsula country of Korea after the pre-ancient times. The second chapter is the analysis of building the ancient state system of Japan, furthermore of importing the Korean culture and people. Especially the relations of between Japan and Korea were appeared the new aspects from Nara and Heian Ages in Japan. Many Korean went to Japan and transferred Korean culture to Japanese, and therefore it could be assisted for forming the ancient country system by making the legal system and the tax system in Japan. The third chapter is the analysis of the international situation of Northeast asia and the exchange between Japan and Korea in the Middle Age. The war were occurred by Wakou(倭寇), but the peaceful exchange of two countries were the sending of the diplomats such as Chusinshi frequently in the Middle Age. The fourth chapter is the analysis of the re-building of East asia peaceful society and the exchange of two countries in the pre-modern Age. It was the Age of EDO Bakuhu by Tokugawa Eyeyasu, the important role of exchange was the Lord of Tsushima Han.

Ⅰ . はじめに

Ⅱ . 古代日本国家の形成過程と韓半島から の渡来の人々

Ⅲ . 東アジア中世の動乱と日韓の交流

Ⅳ . 近世東アジア世界の再編と日本·朝鮮の 交流·交易

Ⅴ . あとがきにかえて

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