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KCI등재 학술저널

탄력밴드 운동이 여성노인의 체조성, 혈중지질 및 AMPK에 미치는 영향

Effects of Elastic Band Exercise on Body Composition, Blood lipids and AMPK in the Elderly Women

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본 연구는 12주간 탄력밴드 운동이 체조성, 혈중지질 및 AMPK에 미치는 영향을 구명하기 위해 만 65세 이상 75세 이하의 여성 노인을 대상으로 운동군 12명, 대조군 12명으로 구분하여 실시하였다. 탄력밴드 운동 방법은 주 3회, 60분으로 1-4주는 OMNI-RES 3-4의 저강도, 5-8주는 OMNI-RES 5-6 의 중강도, 9-12주는 OMNI-RES 7-8의 고강도로 실시하였다. 탄력밴드 운동 전·후 그룹 및 시기 간 상호작용을 검증하기 위하여 two way repeated measures ANOVA로 처리하였고, 측정된 자료의 그룹 내 차이는 paired t -test, 그룹 간 차이는 independent t-test, 집단 간 오차를 최소화하기 위해 공변량 분석 analysis of covariance ANCOVA를 실시하였으며, 각 항목별 통계적 유의수준은 .05로 설정하였다. 그 결과, 체지방률은 운동군이 유의하게 감소하였으며( p <.05), 골격근량이 유의하게 증가하였다( p <.01). 혈중지 질 중 TC, TG, LDL-C는 운동군과 대조군 모두 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았으며, HDL-C는 대조군이 유의하게 감소하였다( p <.05). AMPK는 운동군이 유의하게 감소하였고( p <.001), 대조군은 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았으나, 공변량분석 결과에 의하면 운동 후 그룹 간 AMPK는 유의한 차이가 나타났다( p <.05). 이상의 결과를 종합해 볼 때 OMNI 저항운동 척도를 이용한 12주간 탄력밴드 운동이 여성노인의 체조성 및 AMPK에 긍정적인 영향을 미친 것으로 사료된다.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12-week elastic band exercise on body composition, blood lipids and AMPK in 24 elderly female volunteers aged 65&#8211;75 years, and they were divided into the combined exercise group( n =12) and the control group( n =12). The elastic band exercise method was to do exercise 3 times a week for 60 minutes per session, 1-4 weeks for low intensity of OMNI-RES 3-4, 5-8 weeks for medium intensity of OMNI-RES 5-6, 9-12 weeks for OMNI-RES 7-8 of high intensity. In order to compare the differences in the groups before and after the elastic band exercise, two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to verify the interaction between group and time. The difference in the groups of the measured data was paired t -test, the difference between the groups was paired independent t -test, and analysis of covariance ANCOVA was performed to minimize the inter-group error. The statistical significance level of each item was set to .05. As a result, body fat percentage of exercise group significantly decreased ( p <.05), and skeletal muscle volume was significantly increased ( p <.01). TC, TG and LDL-C were not significantly different between the exercise and control groups, and HDL-C was significantly decreased in the control group ( p <.05). AMPK was significantly decreased in the exercise group ( p <.001), but there was no significant difference in the control group. According to the covariance analysis to minimize the error of difference between the pre-exercise groups ( p <.05), there was significant difference in AMPK of groups after exercise. These results suggest that the 12-week elastic band exercise has a positive effect on the body composition and AMPK of the elderly women.

1. 서 론

2. 연구방법

3. 연구결과

4. 논 의

5. 결 론

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