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KCI등재 학술저널

『源氏物語』의 四季

마보로시 권을 중심으로

  • 12

本稿は、日本文芸の四季の規範として作動している『古今集』の理念を継承しながら、散文としての方法を構築した『源氏物語』の四季の検証を目論んだ。そのために、『源氏物語』の四季を、一つの巻のうちに凝縮させながら、語っていく幻巻に注目した。幻巻は四季の和歌を中心に、季節の景物や儀礼などを描きながら、春から冬までの四季、一年の時間を語っていくからである。いわば、四季は物語を展開する方法として機能している。 まず、散文の解体、和歌中心の叙述など幻巻の多様な研究成果が終焉のイメージに収斂されることに注目し、和歌と散文の共鳴により、終焉のイメージが払拭されることを鮮明にした。幻巻の四季の和歌構成に注目し、春秋中心の『古今集』の構成とは差異を見せる、冬中心の特徴を確認した。特に、十二月の仏名の法会での贈答歌と散文の共鳴を分析し、終焉のイメージが物語の表層に止まることを検証した。冬の雪と梅の花を重ねる和歌の表現方法と地の文の連動に注目し、冬の中の春の到来が再生、四季の循環、連続する時間を喚起させることを鮮明にした。最終的に、源氏の意外な登場と匂宮の登場に注目し、源氏と女三宮の関係が喚起されることの意味を解いた。終焉でなく、連続を暗示する物語の方法としての四季の特徴を掘り下げた。 本稿の、四季の和歌伝統を継承しながら、『源氏物語』が構築した物語の方法としての四季を考察したことの意味は大きい。

This paper looks into the four seasons of Genjimonogatari by focusing on the Maboroshi chapter. Genjimonogatari expanded its domain as a prose literature by inheriting the Waka tradition, which was established by Gonkinshu. The Maboroshi chapter deals with the four seasons in one year, and this indicates that the chapter manifests the concept of four seasons in Genjimonogatari. Firstly, by examining previous studies which put emphasis on the images of closure in Maboroshi chapter, this paper posits the need to reexamine the significance of the chapter. A further analysis of the four seasons waka, one of the distinct characteristic of the Maboroshi chapter, revealed the difference compared to the four seasons in Gokinshu. The Maboroshi chapter includes the winter season unlike Gokinshu. The comparison of the correspondence between waka and prose led to the result different from the images of closure based on the correspondence within waka. The overlap of winter snow and flower implies the coming of spring and this is a clear indication that the four seasons in a year was perceived as a continuous progression of time. The significance of the unexpected appearance of Genji was identified in accordance with this finding. The contrast of the appearances between Genji and Niou, as well as the contrast between the old Genji and young Niou, shed light on the logic of the monogatari. The same logic could be found in the contrast between Genji and Onna-san. Finally, the paper confirms that the four seasons in the Maboroshi chapter carries out the logic of monogatari through the correspondence of waka and prose. Unlike its predecessors, Genjimonogatari has given a new role to the four seasons by the innovative use of waka and prose.

1. 들어가며

2. 사계의 시간

3. 사계의 와카

4. 산문의 사계

5. 나오며

참고문헌

Abstract

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