Purpose: To explore the progressive change and associated factors of optic disc tilt in young myopic glaucomatous eyes by analyzing long-term follow-up data. Methods: Optic disc images were obtained from spectral-domain optical coherence tomography enhanced depth imaging from at least five different visits. At each visit, the disc tilt angle (DTA), defined as the angle between the Bruch’s membrane opening plane and the optic canal plane, was estimated at the central frame that passes through the optic disc. Glaucoma progression was assessed on the basis of changes noted on serial optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer photographs or changes in the visual field (VF). A linear mixed effect model was used to assess the influence of parameters (age, sex, baseline and follow-up intraocular pressure, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, VF mean deviation, axial length, central corneal thickness), and presence of glaucomatous progression upon DTA change. Results: A total of 26 eyes of 26 young myopic primary open-angle glaucoma patients (axial length >24.0 mm; mean age, 25.1 ± 4.0 years; mean follow-up, 3.3 ± 0.9 years) were included. DTA was 7.0 ± 3.4 degrees at baseline and 8.3 ± 3.8 degrees at last visit, which represents a significant difference (p < 0.001). Worse VF mean deviation (p < 0.001) and longer axial length (p = 0.006) were significantly associated with DTA increase. Conclusions: Young myopic glaucomatous eyes showed progressive optic disc tilting. Progressive optic disc tilting in young myopic glaucomatous eyes may be related to either continuous axial myopic shift or glaucomatous structural change.
Materials and Methods
Conflict of Interest