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KCI등재 학술저널

사과, 복숭아, 딸기 품종에 따른 비타민 B1, B2 및 나이아신 함량 비교

Comparison of Vitamin B1, B2, and Niacin Contents According to the Cultivars of Apple, Peach and Strawberry

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본 연구에서는 다소비 농산물인 사과, 복숭아, 딸기의 품종에 따른 수용성 비타민 B군 중 B1, B2 및 나이아신을 분석하여 함량 차이를 비교하고, 식품성분표의 기초자료로 활용하고자 하였다. 품종에 따른 사과의 비타민 B1 함량은 0.063-0.208 mg/100g, 비타민 B2 함량은 0.006-0.031 mg/100g의 범위의 값으로 검출되었으나, 나이아신은 검출되지 않았다. 품종에 따른 복숭아의 비타민 B1 함량은 0.014-0.276mg/100g, 비타민 B2 함량은 0.019-0.042 mg/100g, 나이아신 함량은 0.298-1.096 mg/100g 범위의 값으로 검출되었다. 품종에 따른 딸기의 비타민 B1 함량은 0.112-0.394 mg/100g, 비타민 B2 함량은 0.001-0.027 mg/100g, 나이아신 함량은 0.388-0.809 mg/100g 범위의 값으로 검출되었다. 따라서 사과, 복숭아, 딸기 등의 과일의 영양성분 분석 데이터베이스 구축시 품종 요인을 고려할 필요가 있다고 판단된다. 이와 더불어 과일의 수확시기, 재배방법, 환경적인 요인에 따른 차이가 있을 것으로 판단되며 그에 따른 추가적인 연구가 필요하다.

This study analyzes the content of niacin, B1, and B2, which are among the water-soluble vitamin B group, in cultivars of the commonly consumed agricultural products of apples, peaches, nectarines and strawberries to compare content differences and to use results as base material for the Korean Food Composition Table. While the vitamin B1 content of apples according to different cultivars was found to be within the ranges of 0.063-0.208 mg/100g, and the content of vitamin B2 was found to be within the value ranges of 0.006-0.031 mg/100g, no niacin was found. The vitamin B1 content of peaches and nectarines according to different cultivars was found to be within the value ranges of 0.014-0.276 mg/100g, the content of vitamin B2 was found to be within the value ranges of 0.019-0.042 mg/100g, and niacin content was found to be within the value ranges of 0.298-1.096 mg/100g. The vitamin B1 content of strawberries according to cultivars was found to be within the value ranges of 0.112-0.394 mg/100g, the content of vitamin B2 was found to within the value ranges of 0.001-0.027 mg/100g, and niacin content was found to be within the value ranges of 0.388-0.809 mg/100g. Therefore, when nutrient composition analysis databases for the fruits of apples, peaches, and strawberries are constructed, cultivar factors must be put into consideration. In addition, differences can be found according to fruit harvest times, cultivation methods, and environmental factors, so related additional is needed.

1. 서론

2. 실험

3. 결과 및 고찰

4. 결론

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