본 논문은 한국의 동족마을(양반사회)의 사회적 안정은 단순히 유교라는 이데올로기에 기반한 동족정체성에 이루어진 것이 아니라, 지리-사회적 긴장이라는 문화지리적 기제를 통하여 이루어졌음을 논증한다. 구체적으로, 경상북도 봉화군의 달실마을의 1970-80년대 이전까지의 지리-사회적 삶에 대한 역사지리적 분석을 통하여 동족마을의 사회정치적 안정이 가능했던 문화지리적 단서를 추론한다. 이를 위하여, 구토지대장 - 족보 - 심층인터뷰의 교차비교분석을 통하여 도출된 1910년대부터 1970-80년대까지의 토지소유패턴의 분석결과와 사회정체성 형성방식 간의 문화지리적 개연성을 도출한다.
The aim of this paper is to explore the spatial relationships between land and people of a certain local lineage-based-village of Korea through the concept of a ‘precarious peace’. During the last 40 years, based mainly on the notion of Neo-Confucianism, the historical and cultural meaning of the local lineage-based-villages of Korea has been explored not only by Anglophone and Korean but also by Korean human geographers. Despite of the great achievement of their research, it seems to be hard to say that multifaceted-conceptual approaches - peace, materiality, landscape, modernity, etc. - to the local lineage-based-villages of Korea has been unveiled in the context of historical and cultural geography. Using GIS data analysis, on the land registry records of Darsil village between the 1910s and the 1970s-1980s and interview data collected from the villagers, the paper shows that water conflicts for rice cultivation of the village was an ever-present danger, threatening the collapse of the community of Darsil village before the 1970s-1980s. From this empirical basis, a concept of peace as a precarious socio-spatial process emerges, contributing historical and cultural meaning for the local lineage-based-villages of Korea.
2. Research data requirements, collection, and analysis
3. Peace as a precarious process