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KCI등재 학술저널

일본 프레카리아트 문학연구

당사자의 목소리를 담은 소설을 중심으로

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本論文は、日本のプレカリアート運動の領域で行われた文学活動を考察 の対象にして、プレカリアート文学の一部分として位置づけることを試みる。90年代から続くバブル経済崩壊後の景気低迷で、日本では非正規雇用が急激に増加した。2000年代に入っては若者を中心に過酷な労働環境や不安定な生活に置かれた世代を「ロスジェネ」と名付ける中、イタリアで作られたプレカリアートという用語がフリーター全般労働組合の主催したデモを始め日本に流通し、様々な環境に置かれた不安定な非正規雇用労働者と失業者、労働できない人々がプレカリアートの領域に加わって巨大な階層を形成した。しかしプレカリアートは一つの集団としては呼ばれるものの、非正規雇用者の社会的位置づけの改善という目的は達成できないまま今はもう大衆から見えなくされている。本稿ではプレカリアート運動の一環で行われた文学的活動を踏まえながら、プレカリアートの当事者性を持つ文学の挑戦とその挫折の過程を考察し、プレカリアートの日本的変容の中で文学の限界とこれからの可能性について考えていく。

In this article, we analyze the literature activity in the domain of Precariat movements in Japan, situating it in the realm of the Precariat literature. After the recession continuing since the economic bubble burst in 1990s, the number of irregular employments in Japan has radically increased. In 2000s, the term rosujene (lost generation) was coined, referring to those (especially, the youth) who suffer severe working conditions and unstable living conditions, and the term Precariat, which was coined in Italy, has been established in Japan through activities of the PAFF labor union, and there is now a group of irregular employers, those who lost their jobs, and those who cannot work, in the domain of Precariat. While Precariat is recognized as such a group, its fundamental aim, namely the aim of improving the social classes of irregular employers, has not been achieved and it has become obsolete. In the present article, we consider literature movements as part of Precariat movements, analyze the challenge of the literature based on the notion of persons involved and its process, and finally discuss the limitation of literature in the Japanese transformation of Precariat and its future possibility.

1. 머리말

2. 당사자의 목소리를 담은 프레카리아트 문학의 등장 과정

3. 프레카리아트 운동 주체의 창작소설

4. 나가며

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