상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
151033.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

원령(怨霊) 천황에 관한 연구

헤이안(平安)시대와 가마쿠라(鎌倉)시대를 중심으로

  • 64

本稿では、怨霊となって祭神として祀られた天皇の事例で、天皇制存続の深い理解と独特な思想的特徴を明らかにしようとした。47代淳仁天皇をはじめとして、75代 崇徳·81代安徳·82代後鳥羽·84代順徳·96代後醍醐などが怨霊天皇に該当される。こうした天皇の怨霊について、平安時代と鎌倉時代を中心に形成され盛んになり、社会的な不安を解消するための様々な鎮魂方法が現れた。鎮魂は仏教と密接な関連性を持ち、その鎮魂により、彼らは歴史の敗者ではなく、社会を一新させ、天皇の内的権威を上昇させる新しく肯定的なエネルギーに変容して現れていた。 この過程で本稿は、様々な鎮魂の過程が天皇制を維持できる動力となっていたことを明確に示し、日本人の怨霊観が和魂(やまとだましい)に昇華され、日本独自の怨霊文化を誕生させるのに寄与していることを明らかにした。

The main purpose of this article is to deeply understand the preservation of Tennosei(Imperial system) through the examples of the Tennos who became Onryo(revengeful ghost)s, and reveal the unique ideological features of the system. The list of Tennos who became Onryos includes the 47th Tenno Junnin, 75th Sutoku, 81st Antoku, 82nd Gotoba, 84th Juntoku, 96th Godaigo, and etc. These OnryoTennos were formed and flourished mainly around the Heian and Kamakura period, and various Chinkon(Repose of souls) methods emerged to resolve social unrest. Chinkon had a close connection with Buddhism, and through Chinkon they were expressed not as historical losers but as anew positive energy that reshaped the society and elevated the Tenno’s internal authority. In this process, the article could clearly reveal that the diverse process of Chinkon functioned as a driving force for the preservation of Tennosei, and also could identify that Onryo viewpoint of Japanese people was transcended into Wakon(Nigimitama), which contributed to the creation of unique Japanese Onryo culture.

1. 들어가며

2. 선행연구 및 원령(怨霊)의 형성과정

3. 천황과 원령

4. 나오며

참고문헌

로딩중