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학술대회자료

Cross Border Cooperation and the Impact of the Schengen Agreement on Border Control

The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of the Shengen Agreement on CBC. CBC is the attempt to reduce the obstacles which generate from the border and to promote the cooperation among the cities and villages located at the border region. On the other hand, the Schengen Agreement which had concluded in 1985 intended to abolish the border in order to launch the single economic market. But after the end of the Cold War and its following years, a lot of asylum seeker came from East European countries to the EC, then the Schengen Agreement changed its function. That is to say, the purpose of the Agreement became to interrupt the flow of migrants from the East and the asylum seekers and migrants were regarded as the threat of security. Then the EU requested the East European Countries to conclude the readmission treaty and asked them the rigid border control. The Amsterdam Treaty of the EU incorporated the Schengen Agreement and the new member states were obligated to observe the Agreement. Then what happened at the border? People who daily cross the border have to get the visa and the fee of the visa are too expensive for the ordinary people. CBC was the attempt for the reconciliation between the people who had confronted at the border, but the Schengen Agreement and its succeeded system for the control of the EU border hampered the activities of CBC. CBC was the one of the model of the multi-level governance in the EU. However the change of the purpose of the Schengen Agreement and the introduction of the Schengen Information System means that the state recover its position in the decision making process of CBC. Therefore the multi-level governance is at stake.

1. はじめに:問題の設定

2. シェンゲン条約とシェンゲン·インフォメーション·システム

3. 共通ビザの導入とシェンゲン·インフォメーション·システム

4. 越境地域協力と国境管理

5. おわりに

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