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학술대회자료

A Regionalism of the Greater Mekong Sub-region - A Comparison with the Northeast Asia Sub-region

The ASEAN related meeting held in Hua Hin, Thailand in October 2009, was the place of a brilliant debut of diplomacy for prime minister Yukio Hatoyama. At that time, he advocated an idea of the East Asia Community, which was accepted by almost all leaders of the meeting. Thai prime minister Abhisit Vejjajiva indicated that balance and stability will be brought to the East Asia Community if ASEAN becomes its core. We can see two main sub-regions in the so called East Asia Community, one is the Mekong River Basin which is called the Greater Mekong Sub-region(GMS) and another is the Northeast Asia (NEA) Sub-region. In this presentation, I would like to take up and examine the regionalism of GMS, and to compare with the regionalism of the Northeast Asia Sub-region. I set up a hypothesis that if the stage of regional integration of EU is to be “ running the tip in the 21st century”, ASEAN would be the stage “straddled from the 20th century to the 21st century”, GMS would be the stage “in front of the gate of the 21st century” and NEA would be “at a standstill in the middle of 20th century.” In 1992, Asian Development Bank (ADB) has started the GMS Economic Cooperation Program, after the Civil War in Cambodia ended. The GMS is the last frontier of ASEAN, and its regionalization has just started in 1992. Just as EU integration is now on an experiment in the world history, so the GMS is also now on an experiment in a new model of sub-regionalization. Characteristics of the GMS regionalization are similar to the former East European Sub-region in socialism, under-development, ethnic diversity, disparity, poverty, migrant, and human trafficking as well. The GMS is under the umbrella of ASEAN and intergovernmental organizations such as Mekong River Commission (MRC) and the Mekong Institute (MI), while the NEA Sub-region does not have its higher organizations and such institutional mechanism. Such an institutional framework is called for even in NEA Sub-region. “Track 2” dialogue, which means a forum among ministries, officers, researchers and citizens, is also very important to understand each other in various levels. In formation of the new regionalism, activities and exchanges of various actors, not only formal sector but private sector, play significant roles.

1. はじめに

2. 東アジア共同体(EAC)構想とそのサブリージョン

3. メコン河流域圏(GMS)の地域主義

4. 日本政府がGMS に関わる理由

5. 地域主義と地域統合の理論的枠組み

6. GMS と北東アジア(NEA)の比較

7. まとめと展望

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