Under violent competition to secure international raw materials, safe supply and demand of crude oil that only relies on import among main raw materials is an important task for Korean economic development. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the impact of price change of international crude oil on merchandise balance. It also presents political suggestions in preparation for national economic development and safety and develops an organized and long-term overseas resources development program. As the time-series data which had the 1st difference contribute to dismissal of the null hypothesis successfully, we carry out a multivariate cointegration test developed by Johansen (1988) and find that at least one cointegration vector exists. And, when Impulse Response Function is introduced, as the crude oil import price shows a negative impact from Step 2, then an extreme change, a positive impact since Step 13, is maintained and a safe result appears.
Ⅱ. 원유도입 현황 및 공급전망
Ⅳ. 결론 및 시사점