Purpose: The first half of this year began with an unprecedented infection crisis called a novel coronavirus. As of July 2020, the number of infections with Corona 19 that has spread worldwide has exceeded 15 million, and the number of deaths has exceeded 620,000. As the infection rate of the novel coronavirus has accelerated, the World Health Organization(WHO) has declared an international public health crisis for the new coronavirus infectious disease in order to jointly respond to the international community. Invisible virus infection speed is so fast that epidemiological investigation is impossible, and if it is connected to transportation, it spreads rapidly to a large area and is very threatening. Method: This study collected data on the transport performance before and after Corona 19. First, in order to analyze the impact of the corona 19 epidemic on the railroad transportation sector, data on changes in transport performance of high-speed rail and general railroads were collected while continuously monitoring the countermeasures of Korea s leading railroad operating organization. In addition, data on changes in subway traffic were collected by monitoring the step-by-step emergency response measures of Seoul Transportation Corporation, which has 7-8 million subway users per day. Through this, data of the anti-virus system of overseas subway operating agencies and Seoul Transportation Corporation were collected and compared and analyzed. Since Corona 19 traffic trends are expected to change a lot, foreign metropolitan cities are implementing new traffic policies to cope with the daily life changed to Corona 19. Therefore, this study proposed a plan to improve the convenience of service through untect technology and the establishment of a safety prevention system to improve the reliability of railroad traffic in order to more safely and efficiently operate mass transport and long distance transport, which are the strengths of railroads after Corona 19. Results: All hospitality facilities of the railway used by unspecified people are intensively quarantined several times a day, and in the case of general trains, contact between customers is minimized by prioritizing the window side of the left and right seats. In order to prevent crowds of customers during rush hour and weekends, the number of trains was reduced. As a result, the number of cases of COVID-19 infection on urban railways and high-speed railways is close to zero. Declined to 48%, hitting the overall volume and sales. Conclusion: Most cities are in a situation where they cannot function without rail traffic. As the importance of quarantine of transportation means emerges due to the Corona 19 virus, customized measures for each means of transportation such as buses and subways that have changed in the post-corona era are needed. A long-term and sustainable strategy should be prepared to prevent virus infection in the railroad transportation field, which is one of the pillars of public transportation, and to ensure people s right to move safely.
2. Various Effects of Corona 19
3. Future Response Strategies for Railway Transportation
4. Conclusion and Implication