Purpose - The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of performance-related pay on gender labor productivity differences theoretically and empirically. Design/methodology/approach - This study analyzes the Principal-Agent model in which a firm employes many male and female workers under moral hazard, and uses large survey data from Survey of Business Activities of MDIS (MicroData Integrated Service) in Korea. The fixed-effect model is employed in order to analyze the data. Findings - The theoretical result is that, after performance-related pay is offered to workers, the effect of performance-related pay on gender productivity is determined by whether the female ratio within firm affects firm’s performance(such as revenue and profit) per capita. The empirical result is that, before performance-related pay is provided for all workers, the firm’s female ratio does not affect firm’s revenue and profit per capita at all, but after it is offered, the female ratio positively affects firm’s performance per capita. Research implications or Originality - Fixed pay does not bring about the difference between male and female productivity, but performance-related pay affects female productivity more positively than male productivity in Korean firms. It means that female workers are more sensitive to incentives than men in Korea.
Ⅱ. 이론 모형: 주인-대리인 모형
Ⅳ. 실증분석 결과