상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
154110.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

현행 민법상 근친혼 제도의 위헌성

8촌 이내 혈족 간의 혼인 금지 규정을 중심으로

  • 214

According to the Article 809 sec.(1) of the Korean Civil Act, a marriage may not be allowed between blood relatives within the eighth degree of relationship. This paper is written for demonstrating that provision infringes the freedom of marriage excessively. There is no scientific evidence that inbreeding increases eugenic risk, especially in the case of incest between couples farther than fourth degree. Banning marriage alone cannot prevent the childbirth from the consanguineous couples, either. It might contribute to reduce the sexual rivalry or sexual exploitation between family members, but not necessary to prohibit all marriages between couples within the eighth degree in order to achieve such a purpose, because most of them are not recognized as a family member any more. The conception of family has been changed dramatically since the legislation. The disadvantages to be endured by the concerned parties are also disproportionate to the state interest which is quite vague. There is no compelling interest to restrict the freedom of marriage farther than fourth degree relationship, whereas it is compulsory for institutional guarantee of marriage and family life to prohibit marriage between family members nearer than third degree. Therefore the Article 809 sec.(1) of the Korean Civil Act is unconstitutional to the extent that marriages farther than fourth degree are prohibited or unless some exceptions are provided to allow the valid marriage between them.

Ⅰ. 쟁점: 기본권 보장과 제도적 보장

Ⅱ. 근친혼 금지와 제도적 보장

Ⅲ. 근친혼 금지와 기본권 보장

Ⅳ. 근친혼 금지와 과잉금지원칙

Ⅴ. 결 론

로딩중