This study sorts out the assessment methods of the development and application of science and technology at home and abroad, and explores the breakthrough point of the identification and assessment of science and technology risk. Scientific and technological development monitoring, scientific and technological research and development review, scientific and technological exchange management are three major aspects of scientific and technological risk identification and evaluation strategy research in this study. Scientific and technological development monitoring is to grasp the overall environment of science and technology at the general level. Scientific and technological development review can prevent and control scientific and technological risks from the source of scientific and technological research and development. Scientific and technological exchange management can reduce the impact of scientific and technological risks on the whole society from the level of national security. China has formed a relatively complete index system for monitoring the development of science and technology. In the review of science and technology research and development, scientific knowledge and technology patents can be used to mitigate the risk of science and technology. In terms of management of scientific and technological exchanges, China should establish a sense of subject, master core technologies, control cooperation, strengthen supervision and make rational use of achievements.
Ⅱ. Monitoring of scientific and technological development
Ⅲ. Dealing with emerging risks