This study analyzed the guidance committee which promoted the National Debt Compensation Campaign, the practice organization which took active part in collecting appeal fund, and the methods and characteristics of collecting appeal funds. The materials used in this study are the patriotic articles of newspapers of those days, letters and reports of those who participated in the campaign, and the documents which related groups produced. I tried to deviate the existing point of research on the National Debt Compensation Campaign. The previous researches have focused on the patriotic participation and voluntary recruiting of the people and groups who have led the campaign. However, this article has focused on empirical examination of the problems of those people and groups who have led this campaign, method of collecting appeal fund, and management of the appeal fund. In the process of this campaign, a nation-wide leading organization was created, and several local practice organizations were formed. The nation-wide leading organization was a superior organization of this campaign, and the Practice Organizations were subordinate organizations. The subordinate organizations collected appeal fund in Myun-Ri by themselves. The case of Goryeong-gun, Gyeongbuk province is the one to verify this. The Goryeong-gun Antismoking Alliance Association was a Practice Organization guided by both Total Contribution Collecting Office for National Debt Compensation of Seoul and Daegu Antismoking Alliance Association, and collected appeal fund from those people of Myun-Ri. This is the way how they took advantage of the independent community of Myun-Ri based on traditional Hyang’yak. Thus a representative and board members were assigned with a Myun as a unit, and the appeal fund was assigned to males who are obliged to pay tax with a Ri as a unit. Moreover, the Guidance Committee of this campaign could not demonstrate leadership in such matters as mutual competition, organization management, and management of the appeal fund. This phenomena has been since its initial stage. Therefore, the central leadership tried to simplify the separate organizations. Both the central and local leaderships were finally criticized in their management of the appeal funds. The heat of active participation in this campaign has cooled down. This campaign has rapidly retrogressed due to the Japanese oppression and sabotage. As a result, this campaign could not achieve its expected result. However, this campaign has developed into Industrial Promotion Exercise and Savethenation New Education Movement, and was able to suggest the direction and goal of the National Sovereignty Restoration Campaign.
2. 高靈郡斷煙償債會의 설립과 구성원
3. 高靈郡斷煙償債會의 義捐金 모집